Transit Justice Principles


Abundant transit unlocks freedom of movement. When people can count on the bus or train to get where they need to go, they can easily access jobs, education, medical care, culture, goods and services, and the daily life of their communities. They benefit from greater economic mobility and lower household costs. Transportation systems that maximize people’s access to good transit are necessarily inclusive, without barriers linked to race, income, age, or ability. And because transit is resource-efficient and supports low-emissions neighborhoods, it’s also an indispensable tool to prevent climate change, clean our air, and protect public health.

But good transit is very scarce in the U.S. today. Highway networks in our metro regions were built to facilitate white flight from cities in the mid-20th century, making full inclusion in the economy contingent on personal car ownership — and feeding fossil fuel industry profits in the process. As a result, our transportation systems perpetuate racial and income inequality, limit economic opportunity, hasten catastrophic climate change, and exacerbate chronic disease.

Without swift action, the COVID-19 pandemic will further weaken transit networks and make the inequities and pollution of a car-centric system even worse. Transit agencies face a fiscal crisis that threatens to devastate bus and train service millions of Americans rely on. Riders stand to lose time and financial security while suffering added stress. Only if public officials move quickly to place transit on strong footing can our transportation systems propel American cities and towns toward a just, sustainable economic recovery. To meet this moment, policy at the federal, state, and local level must be overhauled to deliver better transit.


Equitable. America’s car-based transportation system erects barriers to mobility that reinforce long term social inequities. Transit investment must remove these barriers and prioritize the needs of Black and brown people, people with low incomes, and people with disabilities.

Sustainable. To avert severe climate change, models consistently show that some car trips must shift to transit. Transit investment must expand access to good bus and train service so transit ridership increases as a share of total travel.

Economically productive. Better transit expands worker access to jobs, employer access to the workforce, customer access to businesses, and business access to a customer base. Transit investment must make service more abundant, frequent, fast, and reliable to increase economic opportunity and productivity. Investing in better transit should also generate more good-paying jobs operating, maintaining, and supplying transit systems.

Safe and accessible. Many factors in addition to scarce service limit access to transit, including dangerous streets, discriminatory policing, and the lack of elevators at stations. Transit investment should eliminate the full range of limitations and achieve broad-based safety and universal access.

Affordable. Access to transit should never be contingent on one’s ability to pay. Transit investment should establish programs that provide fare relief for everyone who needs it.Endorse the PrinciplesDownload the Principles

Outline of policy recommendations:


(relevant to transit agencies, city and metro region governments)

  • Dramatically increase the amount of transit service, so many more people and jobs are within walking distance of bus or train routes that arrive frequently all day, every day. Quickly adding service on bus routes that remain heavily used during the COVID-19 pandemic will also help reduce crowding and improve public health.
  • Enact new sources of transit funding that minimize revenue volatility and stabilize operating budgets.
  • Redesign bus networks so more people can reach more places in less time, prioritizing travel needs of communities of color and low-income neighborhoods. Expand frequent service in response to changing residential and employment patterns.
  • Enable riders to bypass traffic congestion by implementing comprehensive networks of bus-only lanes on major routes.
  • Improve pedestrian and bicycle connections to transit stops and stations, and add shelters and other amenities at bus stops.
  • Add station elevators, improve information access, and take further steps to make existing and new transit infrastructure universally accessible.
  • Reform commuter rail operations and fares to make service useful and affordable to lower-income riders who’ve been excluded by the 9-to-5 suburban service model.
  • Integrate fares, routes, and schedules between overlapping bus and rail services to create cohesive, easy-to-use regional transit networks that expand access for riders.
  • Implement safety policies that look beyond policing so women, people of color, and other vulnerable communities feel free from the threat of violence and harassment.
  • Structure fares to make transit affordable for everyone, people with low incomes, people with disabilities, seniors, students, and kids.
  • Increase presence of transit riders, women, Black and brown people, people with disabilities, and other under-represented groups on agency governing boards.
  • Avoid public spending on venture-backed initiatives like autonomous vehicles or Hyperloop-style gimmicks.
  • Prioritize maintenance and utilitarian upgrades of existing transit infrastructure above aesthetically-driven projects or high-cost capital expansions.
  • When major capacity expansion projects are built, implement them in places with high concentrations of people and jobs, where the most people will benefit, not where the smallest number will object.
  • Control capital costs so maintenance, upgrades, and expansions can be carried out at prices that enable work at an ambitious scale, on a rapid timetable.


  • Flex more federal funds to transit agencies instead of highways.
  • Ramp up investment in pedestrian safety along major transit routes on state roads.
  • Eliminate red tape for converting right-of-way on state roads to transit-only lanes.
  • [Classify transit workers as essential workers, entitled to PPE, leave, and other necessary benefits.
  • Comprehensively analyze impacts of new transportation technologies on existing workers, including workers who may be deskilled, required to learn new skills, or fully displaced.
  • Create more seats for transportation labor on new technology-related working groups.


  • Achieve funding parity between the highway program and the transit program.
  • Overhaul the federal highway program to reduce carbon emissions, prioritize road maintenance over expansion, and induce state DOTs to improve pedestrian and bike connections to transit.
  • Within the transit program, launch a major new initiative to fund transit operations, contingent on local agencies using funds to expand service.
  • Significantly enlarge transit capital grant programs. Prioritize maintenance, retrofitting systems for accessibility, and upgrades and expansions that benefit the most riders.
  • Align incentives within all federal transit grant programs to reward agencies that increase overall ridership and improve service for Black and brown residents.
  • Create a program modeled on SNAP benefits to dramatically expand fare relief.
  • Identify causes of high transit construction costs and systematically promote practices to bring costs down.
  • Create a new standard for paratransit to achieve reliable, on-demand service for people with disabilities and people over 65.
  • Stronger transparency and public feedback mechanisms for federal rules regarding autonomous technologies, including mandatory plans for when and where the new product or service would be phased into operations and for formal procurement.

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(List in formation)

Institute for Transportation and Development Policy

Alliance for a Just Society
Center for Disability Rights
Center for Neighborhood Technology (CNT)
Center for Popular Democracy
Community Change Action
Dream Corps Green For All
Further Strategies
Gamaliel Network
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)
Race Forward
School Leaders for Educational Equity
Sierra Club
Summit Foundation
The Wilderness Society
Transportation for America

Congresswoman Rashida Tlaib

1000 Friends of Wisconsin
350 Massachusetts for a Better Future
350 Seattle
5th Square PAC
A Better City (Boston)
Active Transportation Alliance
Alexandria Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee
Alliance for Community Transit – Los Angeles
Better Bus Coalition
Better Eugene-Springfield Transportation (BEST)
Bicycle Colorado
Bike Durham
Bikemore (Baltimore)
Bridge Maryland Inc.
Britepaths, Inc.
Business for a Better Portland
Center for Independence of the Disabled, NY
Central Floridians for Public Transit (CFL4Transit)
Central Maryland Transportation Alliance
Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Inc.
Citizens for Modern Transit
Coalition for Smarter Growth
COAST (Coalition for Sustainable Transportation)
Community Health Network for North Central MA
DC Transportation Equity Network
Denver Streets Partnership
Detroit People’s Platform
Earth Day Mobile Bay, Inc.
East Metro Strong
EcoAction Arlington
Fairfax NAACP Housing Committee
Faith Alliance for Climate Solutions
Faith Coalition for the Common Good
Friends of Caltrain
Frontier MPO
Genesis, the Gamaliel Affiliate of the Bay Area
Getting There Together Coalition
Grassroots Alexandria (Alexandria, Virginia)
Greater Greater Washington
Greater Redmond Transportation Management Association
Green New Deal VA Coalition
GreenRoots, Inc
Habitat for Humanity of Northern Virginia
Health by Design
Hillsborough MPO, Tampa, Florida
Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
Investing in Place
LINK Houston
LivableStreets Alliance
Madison Area Bus Advocates
Maine People’s Alliance
Maryland Campaign for Environmental Human Rights
Maryland Conservation Council
Massachusetts Bicycle Coalition
Massachusetts Public Health Association
Metropolitan Area Planning Council
Michigan Environmental Council
Mile High Connects
MORE2 Metro Organization for Racial and Economic Equity
Move LA
Nebraska Chapter – Sierra Club
New York Lawyers for the Public Interest
New York League of Conservation Voters
Northern Virginia Affordable Housing Alliance
Northern Virginia Apartment Association
NYPIRG Straphangers Campaign
OPAL Environmental Justice Oregon
Palmetto Cycling Coalition
Permanent Citizens Advisory Committee to the MTA (PCAC)
Pittsburghers for Public Transit
Planning and Conservation League
Racine Interfaith Organization
Rebuilding Together DC Alexandria
Regional Plan Association
Regional Transportation Advisory Committee (Southern Berkshire County)
Ride New Orleans
Riders Alliance (NY)
Rise and Resist/Elevator Action Group
RVA Rapid Transit
San Francisco Transit Riders
SEPTA Youth Advisory Council (YAC)
Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition
Southern Environmental Law Center
Sustain Charlotte
Tahoe Regional Arts Foundation
The Denver Regional Mobility & Access Council
The Piedmont Environmental Council
the Reno + Sparks Chamber of Commerce
The Street Trust
Transit Alliance Miami
Transit Alliance of Middle Tennessee
Transit Forward Philadelphia
Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Choices Coalition
Transportation For Massachusetts
Transportation Riders United (Detroit)
Tri-State Transportation Campaign
Virginia Conservation Network
Virginia Interfaith Power & Light
Virginia Organizing
Virginia Transit Association
Virginians for High Speed Rail
WakeUP Wake County
Walk Bike Nashville
Western Massachusetts Network to End Homelessness
Wisconsin Teansit Rider’s Alliance
WISDOM Wisconsin, Inc.
YIMBY Denver

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