LA, second largest city in the US, considering shift to 100% renewable

CREDIT: SHUTTERSTOCK

It takes a lot of energy to run all those lights. But could it all be green?

Los Angeles is a city born of Thomas Edison’s inventions. The movie camera, obviously, helped propel it to become the second-largest city in the United States, but the light bulb, too, is integral to the city’s heritage. Unlike many of the country’s older cities, Los Angeles barely knew a time without electricity. There is even a hip bar called The Edison paying homage to the city’s history in a former power plant in the heart of downtown.
Cities have a very unique ability to be at once visionary and pragmatic

Growing up alongside the car and electricity industries, Los Angeles has long been seen as one of the country’s most modern cities. But now, as our collective dependence on power has been found guilty of damaging our water, air, and climate, the city is taking steps to be part of the new future: a clean energy future.

The City Council is going to consider a motion this month that would direct the municipal utility to determine how to move the city to 100 percent renewable energy. The motion already has broad support from councilmembers, and Los Angeles officials confirmed that the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) has begun work on the report, which will be developed with research partners, including the Dept. of Energy.

The motion from council members Paul Krekorian and Mike Bonin reads:

LADWP is on the verge of making significant investments in its infrastructure, and with that 100-year-old power system in need of significant upgrades, the city has an opportunity to re-create its utility in a way that recognizes the potential for a fossil-free future, demonstrates global leadership in its commitment to clean energy, and protects ratepayers from the increasing costs of carbon-based fuels

Mayor Eric Garcetti, who has introduced a number of clean energy policies since taking office, supports the initiative.

Over the past few years, Los Angeles has seen the beginnings of a massive transition, and the city itself has been responsible for much of it. In one high-profile move, the city spent $57 million to replace its traditional streetlights with LED bulbs. That simple, if grand, gesture is saving the city $9 million a year in electricity costs and has reduced CO2 emissions by 60,000 metric tons — about equal to 8,860 homes’ worth of electricity.

Why cities could be key to addressing climate change

In fact, cities are seen as one of the most pivotal points for clean energy transformation.

According to the most recent progress report from C40, an international coalition, 228 world cities — representing 436 million people — have set targets that would reduce emissions by 13 gigatons of CO2 by 2050. Partly, this opportunity for reductions is tied to the sheer size of cities. Cities hold more than half of the world’s population, so changes can have outsized impacts.

But cities also operate differently than states and countries, where it can be much harder to change direction of policies.

“Cities have a very unique ability to be at once visionary and pragmatic,” Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club, told ThinkProgress. “It’s pretty hard to get stuck in dogmatic, ideological thinking when you’re the mayor of a city or you’re on the council.”

The Sierra Club worked with the councilmembers behind Los Angeles’ current proposal as part of the group’s Ready for 100 campaign, a grassroots effort to encourage commitments to 100 percent renewable energy. In the United States, 12 cities, including both San Francisco and San Diego, have enacted 100 percent clean energy goals, and four cities are already there.

Under the current plan, emissions are expected to drop. Under a new plan, they could drop to zero.

Under the current plan, emissions are expected to drop. Under a new plan, they could drop to zero.

CREDIT: LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER 2015 BRIEFING BOOK

The campaign officially launched in January, but Brune said there are active campaigns now in dozens of cities. “From Oakland, Calif., to Cleveland, Ohio, Boulder, Miami, Boise — these are all efforts that just got started in the last 90 days,” Brune said. He estimated there would be 50 cities with active campaigns by the end of the year.

“We hoped it would grow quickly, and it’s growing more quickly than we hoped,” he said. “You have cities that want to be able to show strong leadership on climate, and they see an enormous opportunity for economic benefit,” Brune said.

Green also means green

The importance of the economics here cannot be underestimated. Los Angeles’ $57 million worth of LED lights, for example, will have paid themselves off in less than six years — a staggering return on investment.

A report published last fall found that cities could save themselves $17 trillion by pursuing clean energy options such as increased efficiency, “aggressive” solar installations, and better public transportation.

All of those tactics are part of Garcetti’s Sustainable City pLAn, released last year.

Earlier this week, Garcetti announced 100 new electric vehicles have been added to the LAPD’s fleet. The city also installed 104 new charging stations — which will be open to anyone. This type of city-led infrastructure is key to allowing the public to also transition to new clean technologies.

But as energy nerds know, EVs are only as clean as the electricity they are using. An EV running off coal-fired generation is responsible for as much greenhouse gas emissions as a regular gas-powered car, according to some estimates. The LADWP, which functions as the city’s sole utility, already has net energy metering and has doubled down on the feed-in tariff program, which allows building and land-owners to install medium-sized solar arrays and sell the electricity directly to the LADWP.

Angelenos are more than ready for a change

In 2015, Los Angeles got 20 percent of its electricity from renewable energy sources, according to data sent to ThinkProgress. Nuclear and large-scale hydro together accounted for another 11 percent, but more than 60 percent of the city’s electricity came from coal and natural gas. Coal still accounts for a whopping 40 percent of the city’s power supply. Natural gas, including from four local plants, was 22 percent.

But there is a lot of support right now in Los Angeles for changing the way Angelenos get their electricity. Over the winter, an uncontrolled natural gas leakin northern Los Angeles caused thousands of families to be evacuated from their homes. People complainedof bloody noses, headaches, and other health problems, while Southern California Gas Company struggled for months to contain the Aliso Canyon facility. Subsequently, the company said the region would face potential blackouts this summer without Aliso Canyon, which provides gas to some local power plants.

Related PostThe Scariest Part Of California’s Gas Leak Wasn’t Rashes And Bloody Noses. It’s What Happens Next.

That statement infuriated locals, who insist that the city can go green and avoid reopening the storage facility.

“This blowout really highlights that this is just one incident in a larger ongoing disaster,” said Alexandra Nagy, a senior organizer with Food and Water Watch. “We are advocating for the permanent closure of Aliso Canyon. There is really no other option. We cannot go back to business as usual.”

And as the Sierra Club’s Brune put it, big-city mayors are eager to head up popular initiatives:

“They know which way the parade is marching, and they want to get out in front of it,” he said.

By Robert Walton on Utility Dive, 29 Nov 2016

In push to 33% renewables, Los Angeles launches low-income rooftop solar program

  • The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) has voted to move ahead with a solar program aimed at bringing access to low-income customers, leasing rooftop space on 400 homes for fixed monthly payments of $30, the Los Angeles Times reports.
  • According to LADWP, the program would make it the first utility in the country to both build and collect energy from a residential PV program.
  • The installed systems will be between 2 KW and 4 KW, and are a part of the city’s plan to reach 400 MW of solar power by 2017. A program aimed at customers in apartment buildings is also planned.
Los Angeles must find a way to reach 33% renewable energy by 2020, the state-mandated goal, but has also begun studying what a transition to 100% renewables would look like. In order to get there, the city will need to expand access to clean energy beyond its more affluent residents.

LADWP General Manager David Wright said the program will allow the utility to “offer participation in our solar programs to customers regardless of income level so they can save money on their electric bills while also being environmentally responsible.”

Customers participating in the Solar Rooftops Program will receive a fixed monthly lease credit totaling $360 annually, for 20 years. LADWP said the total cost of the pilot effort will run almost $13 million, including construction, lease payments, administrative, operation and maintenance costs.

The utility said it plans to begin accepting applications early next year. A companion program called Shared Solar, aimed at customers who live in apartment buildings, is expected to be available in 2018 for a one-year pilot.

The largest public utility in the nation, LADPW has so far installed 177 MW of solar power under its Solar Incentive Program,15 MW under its Feed-in Tariff program, and has another 70 MW under construction.

Los Angeles is infamous for its pollution problems, and has joined a growing list of cities that are considering shifting to an all-renewable energy. Last year, the San Diego City Council approved a plan to reach 100% renewables and a 50% reduction in its greenhouse gas emissions by 2035.  It was one of the first major U.S. cities with a legally binding pledge.

Aspen, Colorado, Burlington, Vermont, Georgetown, Texas and Kodiak Island, Alaska, are all planning to use only renewables as well.

Georgetown, Texas, also a “muni” has invested in 100% renewable energy, to stabilize their energy/electricity costs (no more cost increases with fossil fuel purchases) and save money for the town.  It’s a mix of 50/50 wind and solar.  Georgetown expects to generate almost twice the power it needs from the wind and solar plants in the early years of the contracts. For the next 20 years as Georgetown grows, the wind and solar plants will continue to produce more renewable power than Georgetown consumes and they will sell off the excess power into the ERCOT market.

The city is seeing other benefits.  Wind and solar now cost less than building a new coal or natural gas plant and have no risks related to fuel costs or water shortages.  The city knows the frustration that comes with natural gas price spikes and electricity bills go through the roof.  Also, conventional power plants consume large amounts of water.  Turning to solar and wind  eliminates impacts on the state’s water supply, another key goal for the city.