Results suggest positive total social economic value associated with increased PEV deployment, driven primarily by the private benefits of fuel savings. The net positive total social benefits for the Niche and Breakthrough scenarios are $4.7 and $9.3 billion per year by 2035, respectively. By comparison, the Aggressive and Low Cost scenarios have total social benefits estimated at $26.5 and $34.2 billion per year, respectively. Total private and social benefits vary significantly v This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. by region, mostly due to variations in the relative cost of gasoline and electricity, as well as variations in total miles driven per year by PEVs. Macroeconomic analysis suggests that the Aggressive scenario, when compared to the Baseline scenario, generates approximately 52,000 additional jobs per year (average from 2015 to 2040) and a $6.6 billion increase in average annual gross domestic product from 2015 to 2040.
For the complete NREL report, see: National Economic Value Assessment of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Volume I Marc Melaina, Brian Bush, Joshua Eichman, Eric Wood, Dana Stright, Venkat Krishnan, David Keyser, Trieu Mai, and Joyce McLaren National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. VTP2.2900. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy17osti/66980.pdf