The following reports, tools, and guides can serve as useful references as you develop and implement your pedestrian and bicycle safety action plans.
Planning and Performance Measurement Resources
Guidebook for Developing Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance
Measures (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_
Achieving Multimodal Networks: Apply Design Flexibility and
Reducing Conflicts (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/
Bike Network Mapping Idea Book (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/
Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable and Connected
Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/
A Resident’s Guide for Creating Safer Communities for Walking and
Biking (FHWA) (https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/ped_cmnity/
Pedestrian Safety Program Technical Assessment (NHTSA) (https://
Small Town and Rural Multimodal Networks (FHWA) (https://www.
ActiveTrans Priority Tool (PBIC) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/
Resources for Conducting Pedestrian and Bicyclist Counts (PBIC)
Metropolitan Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook (https://
Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook (https://
Resources for Diagnosing Safety
Bicycle Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (FHWA)
Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (FHWA)
Road Safety Audit Tools (PBIC) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/
Countermeasure and Design
The Road Diet Informational Guide
Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Pedestrian
Facilities (AASHTO) (https://bookstore.transportation.org/item_
Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Bicycle
Facilities (AASHTO) (https://bookstore.transportation.org/item_
Urban Street Design Guide (NACTO) (https://nacto.org/publication/urbanstreet-
Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies (FHWA) (https://safety.
Crash Modification Factors Clearinghouse (FHWA) (http://www.
Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced
Safety (FHWA) (https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_
Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection Systems (FHWA) (http://www.pedbikesafe.org/pedsafe/)
Bicycle Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System (FHWA) (http://www.pedbikesafe.org/bikesafe/)
Design Resource Index (Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/planning/facilities_designresourceindex.cfm)
USLIMITS2: A Tool to Aid Practitioners in Determining Appropriate Speed Limit Recommendations (FHWA) (https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/uslimits/)
Incorporating On-Road Bicycle Networks into Resurfacing Projects (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/resurfacing/)
FHWA Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/separated_bikelane_pdg/page00.cfm)
Data Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety (DDACTS) (https://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/ddacts/811185_DDACTS_OpGuidelines.pdf)
Pedestrian Safety Enforcement Operations: A How-To Guide (NHTSA) (https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/812059-pedestriansafetyenforceoperahowtoguide.pdf)
Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals (NHTSA) (https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/812258-peds_bike_primer.pdf)
Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices (NHTSA) (https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/812202-countermeasuresthatwork8th.pdf)
National Pedestrian Safety Campaign (FHWA) (https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/local_rural/pedcampaign/)
Pedestrian Safer Journey (FHWA) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/pedsaferjourney/)
Bicycle Safer Journey (FHWA) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/bicyclesaferjourney/)
Noteworthy Local Policies that Support Safe and Complete Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (FHWA) (https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_solve/docs/fhwasa17006-Final.pdf)
Vision Zero Network (Vision Zero Network) (http://visionzeronetwork.org/)
Road to Zero Coalition (National Safety Council) (http://www.nsc.org/learn/NSC-Initiatives/Pages/The-Road-to-Zero.aspx)
National Complete Streets Coalition and Smart Growth America (Smart Growth America) (https://smartgrowthamerica.org/program/national-complete-streets-coalition/)
Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinators Contact Information (PBIC) (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/data/state.cfm)
State Highway Safety Offices (GHSA) (http://www.ghsa.org/about/shsos)
FHWA Division Offices (FHWA) (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/about/field.cfm)
NHTSA Regional Offices (NHTSA) (https://www.nhtsa.gov/about-nhtsa)
How to Develop a Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Action Plan
Examples of Pedestrian and
Appendix B: Bicycle Safety Plans
Agencies across the United States have developed plans
to respond to pedestrian and bicycle safety. The list below
is not exhaustive, but provides a range of plans that may
provide inspiration to those interested in developing a
safety action plan of their own.
California State Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan
Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Strategic
Safety Plan (http://www.fdot.gov/safety/6-Resources/
New York State Pedestrian Safety Action Plan (https://www.
Oregon Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Implementation
Arizona Bicycle Safety Action Plan (http://azbikeped.org/
Pedestrian Safety Action Plan (http://azbikeped.org/downloads/
New York City Pedestrian Safety Action Plans (http://www.nyc.
Safe Mobility Santa Ana (http://www.santa-ana.org/smsa/)
Los Angeles Vision Zero Action Plan (http://visionzero.lacity.org/
Chicago Streets for Cycling Plan 2020
County and Regional Plans
Hillsborough County Pedestrian Safety Action Plan (http://
San Antonio-Bexar County Pedestrian Safety
Action Plan (http://www.alamoareampo.org/Bike-Ped/docs/
Your pedestrian and/or bicycle safety action plan will
lay out a vision for how your community will respond to
safety problems. As outlined in this guide, the development
of your safety action plan requires input from a
broad range of partners and stakeholders in order to
be effective. The following takeaways from the previous
chapters can help guide the development and implementation
of your plan.
■ A safety plan should acknowledge the unique needs of
pedestrians and bicyclists among road users and lay out
clear, measurable goals for improving their safety.
■ Plans should be data-driven and based on a complete
understanding of the safety problem. Use a range of
data sources and types to look at high crash and high
■ The plan you develop is a refle tion of the community’s
goals and vision, and steps should be taken to ensure
that all members of the community have opportunities
to provide their input.
■ Properly diagnosing a safety problem using audits
and crash types will help you match the appropriate
policy, design, and behavioral interventions to respond
to the problem.
■ Your plan should include specific ecommendations for
funding and supporting its recommendations. Always
evaluate the impacts of your safety projects and use the
findings o demonstrate your success and modify your
strategy as needed.
The success of your plan will be determined by all of
these factors. Your approach will be unique and tailored to
the specific needs of our community, and the resulting
plan will demonstrate your commitment to improving the
safety of the most vulnerable road users.