Did you know? Facts related to urban mobility

Did you know?

  • Around half of the urban population is exposed to levels 2.5 times higher than the WHO Air Quality Guideline and Air pollution deaths cost global economy USD$225 billion. (WHO, 2016)
  • If unchecked, transport CO2 emissions could increase 60% by 2050.
  • The provision of walking and cycling infrastructure is among the least expensive elements in changing land use and transport patterns positively. (International Energy Agency 2009).
  • A pedestrian hit at a speed of 30 kph has a 5% chance of being killed, at 50 kph this is 45%, and at 65 kph 85% will be killed. (European Transport and Safety Council 2005).   SDG Goal 3.6: By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
  • A city could serve its typical daily travel patterns with only 10% of the vehicles currently used, with a combination of 8- and 16-passenger vehicles ride-sharing service. (OECD International Transport Forum, 2015).
  • Bicycles take up less than a third of the space of a vehicle, and pedestrians take up around a sixth. (FIA, 2016)
  • SDG Goal 11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older person.
  • Between 8 and 16 percent of urban household income is spent on transport, rising to more than 25 percent for the poorest households in very large cities. (FIA, 2016)
  • It is estimated that on average cars in cities are being used for only 1 hour per day, and that up to 50% of traffic congestion in central cities is made up of cars cruising for parking. (URBACT, 2017)
  • Congestion charging along with a well-integrated system of public transport in London led the move away from cars by 9% over the past decade. (City of London, 2015)
  • The possible cumulative societal benefits of a seamless mobility model could boost the 2030 GDP of urban areas by 3.9 percent. (BNEF and McKinsey, 2016)
  • Provision of good walking and bicycling infrastructure is essential because most non-motorized active transport trips are short distance (waking for less than 3km) and cycling is the most energy efficient way for a person to travel a relatively short distance, e.g. 0.5 to 5km at speeds of 10 to 30kph. (UNEP, 2010)
  • Higher fuel efficiency and alternative fuels (such as electrification) can reduce freight CO2 emissions by 40%. (both: ITF, 2017)
  • By 2030, the number of autonomous vehicles (AVs) including cars and trucks on Earth could surpass 5 million and is expected to completely transform how we travel, the shape of our cities, and the way we live.
  • The impacts of AVs on cities aren’t yet clear but in just two decades this shift will have run its course, and cities will be committed to the changes that AV markets, regulation, and planning have set in motion. (Bloomberg-Aspen Initiative, 2017)
  • Sales of drones are expected to grow from 2.5 million drones in 2016 to 7 million in 2020—a 180% increase. (Federal Aviation Administration, USA, 2016)
  • With some one million drones entering the airspace globally each month, the prospect of securing drones is becoming more daunting. … Here are eight drone-related risks: 1. Airspace Threats, 2. Vehicles for Weapons, 3. Low-Tech Corporate Espionage, 4. High-Tech Corporate Espionage, 5. Smuggling, 6. Collisions, 7. The Difficulty of Enforcing the Rules, 8. Drone-Based Hacking. (Internet of Things (IoT) Institute, Overland Park, Kansas, USA)
  • Global freight CO2 emissions could increase by 160% by 2050 as freight volumes grow threefold according to OEDC trade projections. (ITF Transport Outlook 2017)
  • Urban freight contributes to 20-40% of urban transport emissions and uses 20-40% road-space.
  • Weight from trucks causes almost all of the road damage.  One pass by a properly loaded 18-wheeler (and 25% have excessive weight according to one state study) is equivalent to 9000 passes by a passenger vehicle. (Fugro)
  • Last mile emissions are estimated to account for up to 25 percent of logistics supply chain emissions and 28 percent of total transport costs. (Alan McKinnon, 2012)
  • Sustainable urban mobility planning, a strategic planning concept promoted by the European Commission, considers the engagement of citizens and stakeholders throughout the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) development process as one of the key elements.